Rural development is important for reducing the high rate of poverty (violation of the right to an adequate standard of living) in rural areas. Over 90 percent of the rural population in the country is living below the poverty datum line.
Rural development and industrialization go hand in hand. The industrial sector supplies rural development with inputs (e.g. agricultural equipment, and chemicals, construction materials for infrastructure, etc.) and rural development provides industrialization with an expanding market and agricultural raw materials. Though rural development provides industrialization with an expanding market and agricultural raw materials, but its ability to reduce high rate of poverty depends on the inputs supplied by the industrial sector.
Rural development entails the development of the following; agricultural sector; rural manufacturing industries; rural trade; and rural infrastructure (economic and social infrastructure). The agricultural sector is regarded as the locomotive of rural development. However, its future development, because of the frequency of droughts, due to global warming, will depend on the development of agricultural technologies appropriate for frequent droughts.